On a wooded hill (245m 804ft) called the Neroburg, above Wiesbaden stands a lovely Russian Orthodox Church topped with five gold domes making it visible for miles along the Rhine and Main River valleys. The church, dedicated to St Elizabeth mother of John the Baptist, was built from 1847 to 1855 by Duke Adolf of Nassau to serve as a burial shrine for his young wife, the 19-year-old Russian princess Elizabeth Mikhailovna, Grand Duchess of Russia and Duchess of Nassau (1826-1845), the daughter of Michael Romanov (1798-1849), younger brother of Tsar Alexander I (reigned 1801-1825) and Nicholas I (reigned 1826-1855). Adolf and Elizabeth were married in 1844, but the following year, she died in childbirth along with their newborn daughter.
The church was used throughout the 19th century by Russian nobility on their visits to the popular spa city of Wiesbaden. A permanent worshiping community grew up around the church in the wake of the 1917 Russian Revolution, with many emigres settling in Germany.